A foreigner will obtain a permanent residence permit, e.g. as an EU-resident, after meeting specific requirements. It may be a permanent residence permit or a long-term EU resident permit.
PERMANENT RESIDENCE PERMIT, THE CARD OF THE POLE
A permanent residence permit may be granted to a foreigner, who i.a.:
– is a child of a foreigner who has a permanent residence permit or a long-term EU resident permit in Poland;
– is a child of a Polish citizen and remains under his or her parental authority;
– is a person of Polish descent willing to settle in Poland permanently;
– has been married to a Polish citizen (the marriage has to be recognized under the law of the Republic of Poland) for at least 3 years before applying for a permanent residence permit and has been living in Poland without interruption for at least 2 years on the basis of a temporary residence permit immediately before the application was made.
On the basis of a permanent residence permit issued in Poland, a foreigner has a right to work in Poland. A permanent residence permit entitles you to travel for tourist purposes to a different Schengen country up to 90 days per period of 180 days.
The Card of the Pole is a document stating the belonging to the Polish nation. It is for people of the Polish origin from the 15 countries of the former Soviet Union, which do not accept dual citizenship. The holder of the Card of the Pole may settle in Poland, get a Polish citizenship and financial support.
LONG-TERM EU RESIDENT PERMIT
Foreigners may obtain a long-term EU resident permit that entitles them to a permanent residence in Poland. The decision to grant a permanent residence permit is issued for an unlimited period of time. A residence card is valid for 5 years, then it needs to be replaced. On the basis of a long-term EU resident permit issued in Poland, a foreigner can work legally in Poland only. The permit entitles you to travel for tourist purposes to a different Schengen country up to 90 days per period of 180 days.
A foreigner who may obtain a permanent residence permit with EU resident laws must:
– reside legally and continuously for at least 5 years in Poland;
– have a stable and regular source of income for 3 years of his or her stay in Poland immediately preceding the application;
– have a health insurance;
– have a guaranteed right to the property;
– present a document confirming a temporary registration or a certificate of the inability to obtain such a registration.